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Learning outcomes descriptions 2.1.a

Competence description VQTS:

2.1.a Is able to help the patient/client to perform basic care.    


The professional caregiver is able to support the patient/client in performing resource-oriented basic care and assist others in performing basic care. This is done autonomously and independently but according to instructions. 















































The professional caregiver is able to:

  • involve the patient/client and relevant others in assisting with basic care,
  • assist the patient/client with skin care and prophylactic measures with regard to their skin,
  • assist the patient/client with personal hygiene (e.g. oral care, hair care, nose care, ear hygiene, shaving),
  • assist the patient/client with bathing and showering,
  • help the patient/client to dress and undress,
  • make beds,
  • assist others in to put the patient/client to bed,
  • implement care aids when carrying out personal hygiene procedures,
  • apply special care measures when assisting with patient’s/client’s with special diseases and needs (e.g. external fixator, difficulty in breathing),
  • empower the patient/client to act independently through resource-orientated care,
  • apply professional personal hygiene plans to the patient/client,
  • recognise and report acute changes in the patient’s/client’s condition (see also CA.A.1),
  • call for support when dealing with complications and difficult situations,
  • apply measures to protect patient/client from noise, radiation, unpleasant lighting,
  • apply measures to protect patient’s/client’s with specific diseases from exposure (e.g. avoid exposing patients/clients with neurodermitis to creams containing lanolin, avoid giving alcoholics access to solutions containing alcohol).

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • describe the elements of personal hygiene and full body wash,
  • explain patient/client expectations regarding privacy in personal hygiene,
  • describe the anatomy of the skin,
  • describe the principles and goals of skin care,
  • name different cleansing agents and care products and their impacts,
  • describe skin care in the case of particular disorders (e.g. ulcers, pressure ulcers, skin aging, skin diseases),
  • describe their own behaviour regarding personal hygiene when dealing with patient’s/client’s pain,
  • explain methods of pain control,
  • explain diseases relevant for skin care and personal hygiene (e.g. ulcers, pressure ulcers, skin aging, skin diseases),
  • explain use of prevention equipment for ulcers (e.g. pillows, antidecubitus mattress, water-filled glove),
  • distinguish and explain various stages of pressure ulcers (e.g. stages I to IV),
  • describe the methods of skin prophylaxis (e.g. intertrigoprophylaxis, pressure ulcers prophylaxis),
  • describe the anatomy of the mouth, ear, eye and nose,
  • explain prophylactic measures relating to the mouth, ears, eyes, nose,
  • describe techniques for helping patient/client to dress and undress,
  • describe techniques for changing the bed linen with/without patient/client in bed,
  • describe the principles of resource-oriented care (e.g. empowering patient/client to act independently),
  • describe development and prevention of burns and frostbites,
  • explain the special requirements for protecting patients/clients with specific diseases (e.g. recrudescence in case of alcoholism).

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