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Learning outcomes descriptions 2.1.b

Competence description VQTS:

2.1.b Is able to perform basic care in all care cases.    

Competence (EQF) SkillsKnowledge

The professional caregiver autonomously and independently performs resource-oriented basic care in all care cases.







































The professional caregiver is able to:

  • perform skin care and prophylactic measures relating to the patient’s/client’s skin,
  • perform body washing and other personal hygiene measures for the patient/client in various situations and places (e.g. full body wash, intimate body wash, in bed, at the washbasin),
  • dress and undress the patient/client,
  • shave the patient/client (e.g. face, body for preparing for operations),
  • perform nose and mouth hygiene for patient/client with nasally or orally inserted tubes (e.g. stomach tube, endotracheal tube),
  • consider relevance of patient’s/client’s clinical pictures for personal hygiene,
  • recognise and manage risk situations and changes in the patient’s/client’s condition during the care act (e.g. recognise circulatory collapses) (see also CA.A.1),
  • perform basic care appropriate to specific risks of patient/client (e.g. seriously ill patient’s/client’s),
  • implement special concepts in basic care (e.g. Bobath),
  • perform basal stimulation (e.g. for revitalising, soothing),
  • recognise if the patient/client is in pain and apply pain scales (see also CA.1.1). 

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • explain legal regulations and consequences regarding basic care (see also CA.B.3),
  • describe and distinguish between relevant clinical pictures and the related risks and potential complications in the context of personal hygiene,
  • name basic elements of human anatomy relevant for body washes (e.g. muscles, bones, blood circulation),
  • explain the Bobath concept,
  • explain the concept of basal stimulation,
  • explain special methods of full body wash related to special diseases (e.g. Bobath, basal stimulation, kinesthetics),
  • explain their own behaviour when dealing with patients/clients who are in pain,
  • explain techniques for performing a body wash (e.g. in bed, showering),
  • name psychological diseases that can lead to defensive behaviour (e.g. anxiety disorders, burnout, depression, dementia, schizophrenia),
  • name neurological diseases that can lead to restrictions in personal hygiene (e.g. Parkinson’s disease, encephalitis, stroke),
  • name and describe diseases of the cardiovascular system that lead to restrictions in self-care (e.g. chronic ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, cardiac insufficiency),
  • name and describe diseases of the motion apparatus that lead to restrictions in self-sufficiency (e.g. ankylosing spondylitis, disc prolapse),
  • describe the depth of sedation based on scales (e.g. GCS or RS) and their influence regarding personal hygiene,
  • explain risk situations for personal hygiene caused by too low/high depth of sedation of patient/client (see also CA.3.2).

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