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Learning outcomes descriptions 3.2.b

Competence description VQTS:

3.2.b Is able to prepare and administer all medication (apart from intra-arterial and intrathecal applications) according to prescription. 

Competence (EQF)SkillsKnowledge

The professional caregiver autonomously and independently prepares and administers intramuscular and intravenous medications according to medical prescription. 


































The professional caregiver is able to:

  • report medication errors according to policy and to prevent recurrence,
  • label medications correctly,
  • prepare injections,
  • administer intramuscular injections,
  • administer intravenous injections,
  • administer prepared infusion solutions according to prescription (e.g. using the correct infusion system, using continuous intravenous drip infusion),
  • prepare and administer infusion solutions that need to be dissolved (e.g. use the correct dissolving solution, consider the correct duration of infusion),
  • prepare medications that need to be given intravenously by Perfusor® syringe (e.g. Heparin),
  • prepare and administer intravenously administered medications effecting the circulatory system (e.g. epinephrine, norepinephrine),
  • prepare and administer intravenously given sedatives (e.g. midazolam, Propofol, Ketamine, AnaConDa®),
  • prepare and administer relaxants,
  • prepare antineoplastic medications safely and according to the local protocol,
  • handle and administer antineoplastic medications safety and according to the local protocol,
  • observe the administering of intravenously given medications,
  • control venous accesses and recognise signs of extravasation,
  • administer intravenous medications using different equipment and set and regulate rates of infusion by gravity and electronic devices (e.g. syringe, intravenous bag, intravenous pump, infusion pump, gravity infusion, volume control administration set) (see also CA.3.4),
  • use appropriate application systems (e.g. Luer Lock System for intravenous medication only),
  • check prepared and continuously administered medications for correctness (e.g. correct medicine, correct dosage),
  • prepare blood and blood products for administering (e.g. using special filters and systems, use warming and pressure devices for blood products) (see also CA.3.5).

The professional caregiver is able to:

  • explain developmental considerations in relation to medications across human life span (e.g. changes in amount compared to the patient’s/client’s age),
  • name reasons for correct labelling of medications,
  • describe anatomical locations for injections of medications as well as injection techniques (e.g. intramuscular, intravenous injections),
  • explain extravasation and its treatment,
  • explain how to administer intravenously given injections,
  • name risks of administering intravenous medications too quickly or too slowly (e.g. catecholamines, Furosemide, Pancuronium®),
  • describe the formation of catecholamines in the human body,
  • explain the patient’s/client’s condition regarding the need for catecholamines,
  • explain sedation concepts,
  • explain reasons for administering relaxants (e.g. the need for mechanical ventilation of the patient/client),
  • explain the anatomy and physiology of the vein system,
  • describe the working of technical intravenous systems and changing intervals according to the local protocol,
  • describe differences in the administering of intravenous medications and blood products and name issues during transfusion (e.g. shock, haemolysis),
  • explain their own behaviour when dealing with antineoplastic medications.

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